Violence politique au Pays basque : la fin d'un conflit ? Regards d'ex-militants clandestins

Welcomed by international public opinion, ETA’s disarmament and then its dissolution took place in 2016 and 2018 respectively, after a process lasting several years. However, the latter had raised many criticisms about the future and sustainability of the “peace process”. To analyse this sustainability, we conducted a qualitative survey with 64 activists formerly involved in illegal Basque organisations. While one third of them are satisfied with the process, especially among the older generations, two thirds are critical or even condemn it. We will present both the forms of sublimation underlying these positive assessments and analyse the accusations made
against the peace process. Finally we will examine the future of the conflict in the Basque country.

Basque country. Peace. Disarmament. ETA. Iparretarrak.